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Vietnam, a nation in South East Asia has always been a talked about country in the international political scenario. The country has been famous in the pages of history and is very well distinguishable for its unique geography. The map shows Vietnam to be an S shaped country lying in the tropical zone and widening both in the north and the south. The country is predominantly mountainous with dense vegetation and varied forms of flora and fauna.
Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam. Initially Hue served as the capital but later Hanoi was named the official capital of North Vietnam. The capital city is located on the right bank of the Red River. The extensions of Hanoi is 210 2' North and 1050 51' East. Hanoi lies to the north of Ho Chi Minh City.
Northern Vietnam enjoys four distinct seasons and has a monsoon climate coupled with a relatively high humidity. Hanoi being one of the cities in the northern region is a part of this climatic type. Hanoi enjoys four distinctive seasons- spring, summer, autumn and winter.
The spring season is from February to April and is characterized by light drizzles keeping the weather wet. The season also culminates with the Lunar New Year Holiday and local folk festivals.
The summer season is comparatively hot and humid and consists of the months of May to August. Temperatures can soar as high as 38- 40 degree Celsius. This season also registers the highest amount of annual rainfall which is around 1682 mm/ year.
September to November is the autumn months. The weather is dry but cool and is considered to be the best season in Hanoi, however the duration is short.
Winter lasts from December to January and are cold and dry with temperatures falling as low as 6-7 degree Celsius.
As it is the land of mighty rivers, flood is a prominent feature in Hanoi and so dykes are built along the river banks to fight the natural calamity. However lakes and mountains enhance the beauty of Hanoi and the nature of soil found along the river deltas consist of very fertile alluvium variety. The climatic seasons are however not too hostile and it will be a wonderful experience to explore the length and breadth of the country both in its physical and cultural aspects.
Hanoi is a sacred land of Vietnam. In the 3 rd century BC, Co Loa (actually belonging to Dong Anh District) was chosen as the capital of the Au Lac Nation of Thuc An Duong Vuong (the King Thuc). Hanoi later became the core of the resistance movements against the Northern invasions. Located in the middle of the Red River Delta, the town has gradually expanded to become a very populations and rich residential center. At different periods, Hanoi had been selected as the chief city of Vietnam under the Northern domination.In the autumn of Canh Tuat lunar years (1010), Ly Thai To, the founder of the Ly Dynasty, decided to transfer the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La, and so he rebaptized it Thang Long (Soaring Dragon). The year 1010 then became an historical date for Hanoi and for the whole country in general. For about a thousand years, the capital was called Thang Long, then changing to Dong Do, Dong Kinh, and finally to Hanoi, in 1831. This sacred piece of land thereafter continued to be the theatre of many fateful events.
Throughout the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural calamities, Hanoi still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Hanoi Citadel, Hanoi Opera House, President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum...
Hanoi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake, West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake..., which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.
Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Hanoi including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Hanoi has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai glossy silk....
By road: Hanoi is 93km from Ninh Binh, 102km from Haiphong, 153km from Thanh Hoa, 151km from Halong, 474km from Dien Bien Phu, 658km from Hue, 763km from Danang, and 1,710km from Ho Chi Minh City.
By air:Noi Bai International Airport, over 35km from the city center, is one of the biggest airports of the country with various international and domestic routes. There are domestic flights from Hanoi to Danang, Dien Bien, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Nha Trang and international flights to many countries in over the world.
By train:Hanoi Railway Station is Vietnam's main railway station. It is the starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every province in Vietnam.
Things to do in Hanoi:
Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam has a lot to offer to tourists and visitors alike. Hanoi is well known for its cultural richness. Most of the renowned Vietnamese painters, musicians and writers have honed their skills in the best schools of Hanoi. The city of Hanoi embraces various historic buildings, monuments, parks, gardens, cemeteries, lakes, opera houses and palaces. Apart from visiting the major attractions of Hanoi tourists have many other things to do in Hanoi. Indulging in the various things to do in Hanoi entail delightful shopping and experiencing the dazzling nightlife apart from sightseeing tours to the major sites in the city.
Hanoi was the melting pot of politics in Vietnam till 1802. Over time the city also acquired prominence as an administrative center. Though smaller and less modern than Ho Cho Minh, Hanoi embodies the rich and cultural heritage of Vietnam. Covering an area of 921 sq. km, Hanoi boasts of a population of more than 3,007,000 people. The city comprises of the districts Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai.
Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Tu Liem and Gia Lam. The city has experienced a booming economy, boosted by its tourism industry. Whopping changes are likely to hit other industries also. The mushrooming of factories along with expansion of handicrafts industries have led to a prosperous economy. Mushrooming of shops, bars, restaurants and souvenir stores are major outcomes of the growing economy. A flourishing economy has added to the things to do in Hanoi.
Shopping in Hanoi is a memorable experience. The city offers various goods and products at affordable prices. The ancient quarter houses most of the stores. Hang Gai offers a colorful silks and colorful clothes. Nha Tho in front of the French cathedral is home to an avenue of shops.
Hanoi is a colorful city in terms of nightlife and arts. Hanoi is home to both upscale and the seediest of bars and pubs. The people of Hanoi are driven by frenzy when it comes to bowling. Dazzling lights, pumping music and exotic bars add to this pursuit. Hanoi's theaters embody its rich culture. The French brought in theater with them in the 20th century. A host of drama houses stage several traditional folk performances.
Sightseeing in Hanoi
Located in the northern part of Vietnam, Hanoi boasts of a population of 3,058,000 people. Hanoi was the center of politics of Vietnam from 1010 to 1802. It was the capital of French Indo-China from 1887 to 1945. It was the capital of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1976. Located on the banks of the Red River, Hanoi boasts of a rich culture and history. History shows that Hanoi was known by different names. After its emancipation from the Japanese clutches in 1945, it became a major seat of governance of the country. The city became the capital of North Vietnam amidst a longstanding tussle between the French and the Vietminh forces. Its communication was severely disrupted during the Vietnam War. Hanoi became the capital of united Vietnam on 2 July, 1976. Hanoi has been on the road to development in recent times. Hanoi is regarded as the cultural capital of Vietnam, absorbing traits of the various dynasties that ruled this land. The cultural and historic remains are huge attractions for tourists and locales alike. Sightseeing in Hanoi is a major attraction for tourists thronging the city in droves.
You can catch amazing sights of the ancient buildings rich in history and culture on sightseeing tours in Hanoi. The serene Hoan Kiem Lake is a major attraction of Hanoi. Ngoc Son on the banks of the lake is another major attraction of Hanoi. The Old Quarter with its 36 winding streets is a lively center located at the north of the lake. The remains of Hanoi Hilton or Hoa Lo Prison is a must see on sightseeing tours in Hanoi. Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum, Ho Chi Minh's House and Museum and the tiny One Pillar Pagoda are huge draws for tourists. Several museums are found scattered across the city. Vietnamese National History Museum, the National Museum of Ethnology, the National Museum of Fine Arts and the Revolution Museum are the most notable museums of Hanoi. All museums remain closed on Mondays and some remain closed also on Fridays. You should also visit the major attractions of Hanoi like he Temple of literature, Bach Ma Pagoda, Dong Xuan Market, Lang Pagoda, Lien Phai Pagoda, President Palace Memorial Site, Quan Thanh Pagoda, St. Joseph's Cathedral and Tran Quoc Pagoda, on sightseeing tours of the city.
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